Chronic Kidney Sickness (CKD) is referred to as the 5 stages of kidney damage. The first stage does slight damage to the kidney eventually leading to kidney failure in stage 5. These successive stages depict how efficient a person’s kidney is in filtering out waste and impurities out of the blood. In the early stages, even though the kidneys start to get damaged, they still function fine to filter waste out of the blood. But in the later stages, it becomes a difficult task for the kidneys and could stop working altogether.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) refers to the damage to the kidneys that takes place in different stages and progresses over time. The stage of the damage determines if the further progression of the disease can be stopped.
Stage 3 of kidney disease falls somewhat in the mid-line. In this stage, the damage is not that severe and the damage can be referred to as slight. This stage can be diagnosed by the physician by checking the symptoms along with the lab results. At this stage, the damage that is already done to the kidney can’t be reversed, unfortunately. However, the damage can at least be stopped from worsening further. In this stage, the prediction for the fitness of the patient is more or less unclear.
1) How You Can Diagnosing |Stage 3| CKD?
Stage 3 CKD is the sole stage that can be diagnosed by examining the blood of the patient. Stage-3 CKD also detects those patients who might have remained behind the curtains and not be detected clinically. These are only a limited amount of people and a large majority gets detected for kidney disease while being at earlier stages. When the kidney diseases reach stage 4 and 5, the severity of the disease is well understood as the symptoms and complications start appearing. At these stages, the probability of having cardiovascular disease (CVD), end-stage renal disease (ESRD) increases to a high level.
2) What is Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) Readings?
Glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) readings are used to determine and diagnose stage 3 kidney disease. The blood of the patient is taken and the eGFR test measures the creatine levels in the blood. These readings then show how well and how efficient the kidneys of the person are working in filtering out the waste materials.
The maximum eGFR reading is more than 90. If the eGFR reading is less than 15, then it shows that the stage 5 is prevalent. So the higher the reading for this test, the better is the condition of the kidneys. Stage 3 CKD is further divided into two types based on the readings from this test. In case eGFR is between 45 and 59, then the patient gets diagnosed with stage 3a. Stage 3b is diagnosed when the eGFR is between is 30 and 44. The purpose of all this is to diagnose stage 3 as accurately as possible and prevent further damage to kidneys. Proper treatment is then necessary to not let the disease proceed to stage 4 which is depicted by an eGFR reading between 29 and 15.
3) The Life Expectancy:
As already mentioned, stage three lies midway of the five stages of kidney disease at is a relatively early stage. Hence, kidney dialysis or kidney transplant is not needed at this stage. The life expectancy of the patients suffering from stage 3 kidney disease depends upon gender. In general, 40 yr old men with stage 3 kidney disease can live for 24 more years after the diagnosis. 40 yr old women with stage 3 can live up to 28 more years. No cure has yet been discovered for stage 3 but certain measures can help in increasing the survival rate of the patients.
An eGFR reading that is between 30 and 59 (stage 3) depicts that already some damage has been done to the kidneys and they surely are not operating on the level as they are supposed to. Even though the test diagnoses the stage, many human beings do not show any signs of the stage on their own.
Nevertheless, some of the symptoms could be like:
- Swelling of arms and feet
- Back pain
- Urinating with greater frequency (or much less than normal)
These symptoms are not detectable in stages 1 and 2 as everything seems normal. But in stage 3, the severity of these symptoms increases to the extent that a check-up becomes necessary. Along with these, the following symptoms are also worth mentioning here:
- Dark yellow, orange, or urine
- Fluid retention
- Unusual fatigue
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Lower back pain
- High blood pressure
If a person shows the above symptoms, it becomes utmost necessary to go to a doctor and have him examine. Some of these signs alone are not the depiction of underlying kidney disease, but a combination of these calls for attention to a higher degree.
To diagnose stage three, a medical doctor puts the person through:
- A blood test showing blood stress readings
- Urine assessments
- eGFR assessments (done each ninety days after your preliminary diagnosis)
5) What You Need to Avoid |Foods|?
Therefore, it is clear that stage 3 kidney disease is not something to take lightly. However, what if someone gets diagnosed with it? The proper care and treatment then become necessary if the patient is to increase his survival rate. He has to take care of himself. Processed foods are the culprit for causing most diseases. Since the kidneys are not working at their best, processed meals can cause a burden on the kidneys. So only take in whole unprocessed meals that contain less saturated fats.
Also, don’t take in too much protein as excessive protein can cause further damage. Kidney disease often causes potassium levels to increase and become excessive. The patient is then advised certain potassium enriched foods such as bananas, potatoes, and tomatoes. You can read more Articles on this website,